INSTALACIÓN ORACLE APPLICATION EXPRESS 18.1 – Oracle Apex 18.1 Installation

Antes de iniciar con la instalación de Oracle Application Express 18.1 desde cero, es necesario aclarar el siguiente punto, el cual muchas veces causa confusión:

A partir de Oracle database 11g, la instalación de Oracle Application Express (Oracle APEX), se vuelve mucho mas sencilla, ya que se puede instalar Oracle Apex durante la creación de la Base de datos.

En este caso, como parte del demo, estoy creando una BD en un motor Oracle 12.1.0.2, dejando los features seleccionados por default.

install_apex1.jpg

install_apex3.jpg.png

Si validamos los esquemas de APEX creados durante la creación de la Base de datos, podemos apreciar un usuario APEX_040200, lo que significa que al crear una BD en un motor Oracle 12.1.0.2, la versión de Apex instalada por default es Oracle APEX 4.2

select username,account_status from dba_users where username like ‘%APEX%’;

install_apex5.jpg

Si has creado una Base de datos con los features seleccionados por default y quiere usar dicha versión de Oracle APEX, lo único que tienes que hacer, es tomar en cuenta este artículo desde el punto 4 en adelante(4.-Configurar Oracle APEX), en caso de querer usar otra versión, esta debe ser descargada e instalada.

 

En el siguiente tutorial instalaremos y configuraremos Oracle Application Express 18.1 desde cero.

Resumen de los pasos a realizar:

1- Instalación de BD repositorio pre-requisito
2- Descargar Oracle APEX
3- Instalar Oracle APEX 18.1
4- Configurar APEX
5- Ejecución de Oracle APEX

1.- La instalación requiere una Base de Datos repositorio.

Para instalar Oracle APEX 18.1, se requiere como mínimo una BD repositorio 11.2.0.4 o superior, en este caso usaremos una BD 12.1.0.2.

install_apex4.jpg

2.- Descargamos Oracle APEX

Para descargar Oracle Application Express 18.1, hacer click AQUI

install_apex7

 

install_apex9

Iniciamos la copia del instalador de APEX al servidor de BD.

install_apex10.jpg

 

3.- Instalacion Oracle APEX

Requerimos crear un tablespace dedicado, para que sirva como default tablespace de nuestra instalación.

SYS> create tablespace APEX datafile ‘/data/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/APEXBD/APEXBD/apex01.dbf’ size 5g;
Tablespace created.

install_apex6.jpg

Una vez terminada la copia del instalador, descomprimimos el instalador.

install_apex11

[oracle@limrescdrsv01 ~]$ ls -ltr
total 168500
drwxr-xr-x. 2 oracle oracle      4096 Oct 23  2015 oraInventory
drwxrwxr-x  2 oracle oracle      4096 Sep 11  2017 SQLLDR
drwxr-xr-x  4 oracle oracle      4096 Apr 11 21:49 sqlcl
-rw-rw-r–  1 oracle oracle  21733791 Apr 23 14:59 sqlcl-18.1.1.zip
drwxrwxr-x  6 oracle oracle      4096 May  9 08:58 apex
-rw-r—–  1 oracle oracle    909958 Jun 13 16:19 install2018-06-13_15-51-46.log
-rw-rw-r–  1 oracle oracle 149873345 Jun 13 16:46 apex_18.1.zip
[oracle@limrescdrsv01 ~]$ pwd
/home/oracle

install_apex12

Corremos el script apexins.sql, el cual según la documentación lleva los siguientes parámetros.
— Run script apexins.sql with parameters:

— @apexins.sql tablespace_apex tablespace_files tablespace_temp images

— Where:
— tablespace_apex is the name of the tablespace for the Oracle Application Express application user.
— tablespace_files is the name of the tablespace for the Oracle Application Express files user.
— tablespace_temp is the name of the temporary tablespace or tablespace group.
— images is the virtual directory for Oracle Application Express images.
— (To support future Oracle Application Express upgrades, define the virtual image directory as /i/.)
SQL> — @apexins.sql tablespace_apex tablespace_files tablespace_temp images
SQL>
SQL> @apexins.sql APEX APEX TEMP /i/

install_apex13

 

install_apex14

install_apex15

Después de 18 largos minutos, la instalación terminó.

Fases de la instalación :
timing for: Phase 1 (Installation)
Elapsed: 00:03:34.40
Phase 2 (Upgrade)
Session altered.

— Now beginning upgrade. This will take several minutes.——-‘)
timing for: Upgrade metadata 1
Elapsed: 00:02:04.49
Session altered.

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.
— Upgrading new schema. ——-
PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.
timing for: Upgrade metadata 2
Elapsed: 00:00:43.76

timing for: Phase 3 (Switch)
Elapsed: 00:00:56.02
timing for: Complete Installation
Elapsed: 00:14:06.37

Validamos que posterior a la instalación se han creado 2 nuevo esquemas de BD.

install_apex16.jpg

Validamos la nueva versión instalada de Oracle APEX.

SELECT comp_name, version, status FROM dba_registry WHERE comp_id=’APEX’;
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select * from apex_release;
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4.- Configurar Oracle APEX

Ejecutar Embedded PL/SQL Gateway

[oracle@limrescdrsv01 apex]$ mkdir images
[oracle@limrescdrsv01 apex]$ cd images
[oracle@limrescdrsv01 apex]$ pwd
/home/oracle/apex/images
[oracle@limrescdrsv01 apex]$ cd images/

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SQL> @apex_epg_config.sql /home/oracle

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.
PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.
PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.
PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

. Loading images directory: /home/oracle/apex/images
Directory created.

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.
PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.
PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

Commit complete.
Directory dropped.

timing for: Load Images
Elapsed: 00:01:48.54

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.
Commit complete.

SQL> !pwd
/home/oracle/ápex

Desbloqueamos el usuario ANONYMOUS.

SQL> alter user ANONYMOUS account unlock;

install_apex18

Run script apexconf.sql

Ejecutar el script apexconf.sql  para configurar la contraseña del usuario ADMIN y realizar otras configuraciones de XDB http listener port.

— Running script: @apxconf.sql
— Setup password for ADMIN
— Configuring XDB Http Listener port

@apxconf.sql

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[oracle@limrescdrsv01 apex]$ ls -ltr *conf*
-rw-r–r– 1 oracle oracle  2256 Aug 21  2012 apxconf.sql
-rw-r–r– 1 oracle oracle   878 Dec  4  2014 apex_epg_config_nocdb.sql
-rw-r–r– 1 oracle oracle  2205 Dec  4  2014 apex_epg_config_cdb.sql
-rw-r–r– 1 oracle oracle  9166 Mar  3  2015 apex_epg_config_core.sql
-rw-r–r– 1 oracle oracle  5054 Jan 19 11:07 apex_rest_config.sql
-rw-r–r– 1 oracle oracle  5177 Jan 19 11:07 apex_rest_config_nocdb.sql
-rw-r–r– 1 oracle oracle 13173 Jan 19 11:07 apex_rest_config_core.sql
-rw-r–r– 1 oracle oracle  2900 Jan 19 11:07 apex_rest_config_cdb.sql
-rw-r–r– 1 oracle oracle  1691 Jan 19 11:07 apex_epg_config.sql
-rw-r–r– 1 oracle oracle  4945 Apr  6 16:09 dbcsconf.sql
[oracle@limrescdrsv01 apex]$ pwd
/home/oracle/apex

install_apex20

To user, you can use ADMIN by default, and email can be skipped.
To password, the system requires you to enter a strong password:
Password does not conform to this site’s password complexity rules.

  1. Password must contain at least 6 characters.
  2. Password must contain at least one alphabetic character (abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ).
  3. Password must contain at least one punctuation character (!”#$%&()“*+,-/:;?_).
  4. Password must contain at least one upper-case alphabetic character.
  5. Password must contain at least one lower-case alphabetic character.

Port default is 8080:

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5.- Ejecutando Oracle APEX

http://172.19.74.116:8080/apex/apex_admin

Nos logeamos como administrador.

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Finalmente tenemos nuestro entorno APEX instalado, en un próximo artículo continuaremos con la creación de nuestro WORKSPACE y desarrollo de nuestra primera aplicación !!.

 

5 respuestas a “INSTALACIÓN ORACLE APPLICATION EXPRESS 18.1 – Oracle Apex 18.1 Installation

  1. Alejandro Castaño 11 agosto, 2018 / 6:39 pm

    Gracias por su publicación, esta instalación la hice en AWS Lightsail, pero no logro desplegar/ejecutar con la dirección privada que AWS tanto para http y https. Si logro conectarme a la BD por SSH pero en el navegado no puedo. Puede usted colaborarme.

    Me gusta

  2. José Alejandro Castaño A. 11 agosto, 2018 / 6:41 pm

    Gracias por su publicación, logre instalar la BD el tema de las imagenes sigue siendo dispendiosa, sin embargo en el naviegador NO LOGRO acceder. Estoy en AWS Lightsail puede orientarme que esta pasando?. Por SQL Plus si me conecto sin problema.

    Le gusta a 1 persona

  3. Dennys Guzmán 2 octubre, 2018 / 4:50 pm

    Install Oracle Application Express 18.2 with PLSQL Gateway

    Installers
    Oracle Apex 18.2 https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/developer-tools/apex/downloads/index.html
    GlassFish 5.0 – Full Platform https://javaee.github.io/glassfish/download
    Ords 18.2 https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/developer-tools/rest-data-services/downloads/index.html

    1. Create Tablespace for APEX

    CREATE TABLESPACE APEX
    DATAFILE ‘C:\oracle\oradata\apex.dbf’
    SIZE 5G;

    2. Unzip the file apex_18.2.zip in the root of disk C.
    3. Install Oracle APEX executing the following script and passing the arguments as shown below:

    @apexins.sql tablespace_apex tablespace_files tablespace_temp images

    Where:
    tablespace_apex is the name of the tablespace that contains all the objects for the Oracle Application Express user.
    tablespace_files is the name of the tablespace that contains all the objects for the user files of APEX.
    tablespace_temp is the name of the temporary tablespace of the database.
    images is the virtual directory for APEX images. Oracle recommends using / i / for future updates.

    To install APEX, we need to locate inside the folder where the installation script is, in C: \> apex, we connect to the database with the user SYS as DBA (sqlplus sys / sys as sysdba) and execute the following sentence:

    @apexins APEX APEX TEMP /i/

    Once the execution of the Apex Installation script has finished, it will create 3 oracle users (database schemas).

    APEX_180200 – The User who owns the Oracle Application Express schema and metadata.
    FLOWS_FILES – The user who owns the uploaded files. APEX_PUBLIC_USER – The account with minimal privileges that is used for Oracle Application Express configuration with Oracle REST Data Services or Oracle HTTP Server.

    4. In Command Window as administrator under APEX folder, connect to the SQL * Plus with the credentials of SYS as SYSDBA and update the password of the ADMIN ADMIN user (this must comply with the complexity rules, so it must contain, at least, a special character: (!”# $%&() * +,-/:;?_). Ejemplo Abc_123

    @apxchpwd.sql

    This will request the name of the User (username) we leave it ADMIN by default.
    Enter an Optional Email
    Enter the Password (eg Abc_123)

    5. Execute the PL/SQL Gateway configuration script where C:\ Is the folder where the APEX folder is located.

    @apex_epg_config.sql C:\

    6. Next, execute the update script of the APEX virtual image directory.

    @apxldimg.sql C:\

    7. Configure the http Port (Example 7777).

    @apxconf

    8. Enable the following Schemas.

    ALTER USER anonymous ACCOUNT UNLOCK;
    ALTER USER xdb ACCOUNT UNLOCK;
    ALTER USER apex_public_user ACCOUNT UNLOCK;
    ALTER USER flows_files ACCOUNT UNLOCK;

    9. Modify the following parameters of the Database

    SHOW PARAMETER job_queue_processes
    ALTER system SET job_queue_processes = 20 scope = both;

    SHOW PARAMETER shared_servers
    ALTER system SET shared_servers = 20 scope = both;

    SELECT DBMS_XDB.GETHTTPPORT FROM dual;

    10. Enable Remote connections (optional)

    EXEC dbms_xdb.setListenerLocalAccess(l_access=>FALSE);

    11. Create an ACL (access control list) so that the APEX user has access to any server (if necessary).
    DECLARE
    ACL_PATH VARCHAR2(4000);
    BEGIN
    SELECT ACL
    INTO ACL_PATH FROM DBA_NETWORK_ACLS
    WHERE HOST = ‘*’
    AND LOWER_PORT IS NULL
    AND UPPER_PORT IS NULL;
    IF DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_ADMIN.CHECK_PRIVILEGE( ACL_PATH, ‘APEX_180200′,’connect’) IS NULL THEN
    DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_ADMIN.ADD_PRIVILEGE(ACL_PATH,’APEX_180200′, TRUE, ‘connect’);
    END IF;
    EXCEPTION — When no ACL has been assigned to ‘*’.
    WHEN NO_DATA_FOUND THEN
    DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_ADMIN.CREATE_ACL(‘power_users.xml’,’ACL that lets power users to connect to everywhere’,’APEX_180200′, TRUE, ‘connect’);
    DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_ADMIN.ASSIGN_ACL(‘power_users.xml’,’*’);
    END;
    /
    COMMIT;
    /

    12. Close SQLplus and close the command line window
    13. Install APEX in another language (eg Spanish)
    a. In the operating system we configure the following variable.
    NLS_LANG = AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8

    b. Start a new command line to take the new values of environment variables, verify with
    echo %NLS_LANG%
    c. We are located in the following path c: \apex\builder\es (select your language es=spanish)

    d. Start sqlplus as SYS DBA
    e. Execute the following sentences.

    ALTER SESSION SET CURRENT_SCHEMA = APEX_180200;
    @load_es.sql (if it is Spanish)

    14. Verify the installation.

    http://servidor:puerto/apex

    Example:

    http://dguzman-pc:7777/apex

    The following screen must be presented.

    Connection to Apex Administrator with the following data:
    WorkSpace: INTERNAL
    User: ADMIN
    Password: Abc_123

    Install Oracle REST Data Services (Glassfish)

    1. Install JDK8.
    2. Set JAVA_HOME
    Create the JAVA_HOME variable with the JDK path

    Dentro de la variable path agregamos %JAVA_HOME%\bin

    3. Disable the Oracle XML DB Protocol server

    EXEC DBMS_XDB.SETHTTPPORT(0);

    4. Change password of oracle user apex_public_user

    ALTER USER APEX_PUBLIC_USER IDENTIFIED BY APEX;

    5. Verify that the accounts are not blocked.

    select username, account_status from dba_users
    order by 2

    6. Configure RESTFul Services
    Inside the Apex Folder we start session with SYS as SYSDBA

    @apex_rest_config.sql

    Set the passwords for the users: APEX_LISTENER and APEX_REST_PUBLIC_USER and close the window (apex).

    7. Unzip the file glassfish-5.0.zip in C:\ will create a folder called glassfish5

    8. Start Glassfish Server
    In the command window as an administrator, we need located in the folder C:\glassfish5\glassfish\bin
    Execute the following sentence: asadmin start-domain
    9. Start Glassfish console http://dguzman-pc:4848/

    10. Configure Users in Glassfish
    Inside the GlassFish administration console on the left side menu.
    Go to Configurations>default-config>Security and the security screen is displayed. We mark with a check to enable the Default Principal To Role Mapping option and save by clicking on the Save button.
    Next go to Configurations > default-config > Security >Realms>file and Click on button Manager Users where we are going to create a user admin and another user manager for the Oracle RESTData Services.

    First create admin user:
    User ID: adminlistener
    Group List: Admin
    Password: ingresamos un password

    Next créate manager user:
    User ID: managerlistener
    Group List: Manager
    Password: ingresamos un password.

    APEX Images
    Locate the images folder of the APEX installation and copy all its contents, in the case used for this APEX installation, it is in C:\apex\images. We search for the following location within the glassfish5 directory: C:\glassfish5\glassfish\domains\domain1\docroot and we create a folder called i, then inside that folder (i) we paste all the contents of the APEX images folder.

    Configure Oracle Rest Data Services

    1. Unzip the file ords-18.2.0.zip inside a folder in the root of disk C called Ords (Create it).
    2. When Oracle REST Data Services is installed, the configuration files are installed in the Windows /temp/apex folder and that location is not the best location to have those files.
    We create a folder that contains those configuration files into the ords directory and we will call it config and in properties of the folder we give it write access.
    3. By default, the context root to access Oracle Application Express through Oracle REST Data Services is ords (ords.war), if we want to change the name to APEX, we need to rename the file ords.war that is inside the directory ords by apex.war.
    4. Inside a CMD command window as administrator and we go to the ords directory where we have unzipped the Oracle REST Data Services files and execute the following command line:

    java -jar apex.war configdir C:\ords\config

    5. Configure access to the Database, for this we execute the following sentence.

    java -jar apex.war install advanced

    C:\ords>java -jar apex.war install advanced
    Introduzca el nombre del servidor de la base de datos [localhost]:dguzman-pc
    Introduzca el puerto de recepción de la base de datos [1521]:
    Introduzca 1 para especificar el nombre de servicio de la base de datos o 2 para especificar el SID de la base de datos [1]:2
    Introduzca el SID de la base de datos [xe]:ORADGT
    Introduzca 1 si desea verificar/instalar el esquema de Oracle REST Data Services o 2 para omitir este paso [1]:1
    Introduzca la contraseña de la base de datos de ORDS_PUBLIC_USER:
    Confirmar Contraseña:
    Conéctese con privilegios de SYSDBA para verificar el esquema de Oracle REST Data Services.

    Introduzca el nombre de usuario con privilegios de SYSDBA para verificar la instalación [SYS]:SYS
    Introduzca la contraseña de la base de datos de SYS:
    Confirmar Contraseña:
    Introduzca tablespace por defecto para ORDS_METADATA [SYSAUX]:APEX
    Introduzca tablespace temporal para ORDS_METADATA [TEMP]:TEMP
    Introduzca tablespace por defecto para ORDS_PUBLIC_USER [USERS]:APEX
    Introduzca tablespace temporal para ORDS_PUBLIC_USER [TEMP]:TEMP
    Introduzca 1 si desea utilizar el gateway PL/SQL o 2 para omitir este paso.
    Si utiliza Oracle Application Express o migra desde mod_plsql, deberá introducir 1 [1]:1
    Introduzca el nombre de usuario de la base de datos de gateway PL/SQL [APEX_PUBLIC_USER]:
    Introduzca la contraseña de la base de datos de APEX_PUBLIC_USER:
    Confirmar Contraseña:
    Introduzca 1 para especificar las contraseñas de los usuarios de base de datos de los servicios RESTful de Application Express (APEX_LISTENER, APEX_REST_PUBLIC_USER) o 2 para omitir este paso [1]:1
    Introduzca la contraseña de la base de datos de APEX_LISTENER:
    Confirmar Contraseña:
    Introduzca la contraseña de la base de datos de APEX_REST_PUBLIC_USER:
    Confirmar Contraseña:
    mar 09, 2018 10:28:48 AM
    INFORMACI╙N: Updated configurations: defaults, apex, apex_pu, apex_al, apex_rt
    Instalando Oracle REST Data Services versión 3.0.12.263.15.32
    … Archivo log grabado en C:\ords\logs\ords_install_core_2018-03-09_102848_00563.log
    … Requisitos de base de datos verificados
    … Se ha creado el esquema de Oracle REST Data Services
    … Se ha creado el usuario de proxy de Oracle REST Data Services
    … Se han otorgado privilegios a Oracle REST Data Services
    … Se han creado los objetos de base de datos de Oracle REST Data Services
    … Archivo log grabado en C:\ords\logs\ords_install_datamodel_2018-03-09_102900_00486.log
    Instalación de Oracle REST Data Services versión 3.0.12.263.15.32 completada. Tiempo transcurrido: 00:00:13.188

    Introduzca 1 si desea iniciar en modo autónomo o 2 para salir [1]:2

    6. Create i.war File
    To create our i.war file which will store the data of the /i/ directory of our installed APEX. For this Oracle APEX installation, we have it in the path C:\apex\.
    We will execute the following command:

    java -jar apex.war static C:\apex\images

    Deploy Oracle APEX on the GlassFish Server
    Enter the GlassFish administration console and to the left in the side menu, click on Applications and then click on Deploy and select the file apex.war and then click on ok.
    context root: apex
    description: Oracle REST Data Services

    With Glassfish 5 it has an error when deploying, it can be executed with Command Line.

    Within a command line window as an administrator, locate in the folder C:\glassfish5\ glassfish\bin and execute the following statement.

    asadmin deploy –property implicitCdiEnabled=false c:\ords\apex.war

    7. Same for the i.war from the Glassfish console, but in context root we leave it blank.

    8. Finally, we verify that all accounts are OPEN, for this from the SQL Plus, PLSQL Developer or another tool we initiate session as SYS as SYSDBA and enter the following query:

    select username, account_status from dba_users
    order by 2
    APEX_PUBLIC_USER – OPEN
    APEX_LISTENER – OPEN
    APEX_REST_PUBLIC_USER – OPEN
    SYS – OPEN SYSTEM – OPEN
    ANONYMOUS – OPEN
    ORDS_PUBLIC_USER – OPEN
    CURSO_APEX – OPEN
    9. Once we have verified the accounts, we can go to the GlassFish administrator panel in applications and click on the Launch link (from the APEX application) and select the first link: The result should be.

    10. Enable debug in Apex, edit file C:\ords\config\apex\ defaults.xml and set the lines to true.
    true
    true

    Download Glassfish and upload it again
    Asadmin stop-domain
    Asadmin start-domain

    11. Verify log file.
    C:\glassfish5\glassfish\domains\domain1\logs\server.log

    12. If it is necessary to reconfigure ORD, the following sentence is used.
    java -jar apex.war setup ORADGT

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